Forschungsprojekt ECOMOD

Referenzgeschäftsprozesse und Strategien im E-Commerce

Forschungsgruppe Unternehmensmodellierung
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(10 entries)

Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce) denominates trading and performing of business transaction using electronic networks and the Internet in particular. In a broader sense, E-Commerce includes electronically supported communication and interaction with suppliers and customers.

In German: Elektronischer Geschäftsverkehr (ID: 40)

E-shops are selling systems provided by a seller and made accessible to buyers through the Internet and a Web browser. They represent sell-side software with extensive functionality. They generally support searching an electronic product catalogue, collecting products in a shopping cart, and submitting the order electronically. is a successful and prominent example.

In German: E-Shop (ID: 29)

ebXML (Electronic Business using eXtensible Markup Language) is a modular suite of specifications that enables enterprises of any size and in any geographical location to conduct business over the Internet. The original project (initiated by OASIS) envisioned and delivered five layers of substantive data specification, including XML standards for:
  • Business processes
  • Core data components
  • Collaboration protocol agreements
  • Messaging
  • Registries and repositories

Related terms: XML


In German: ebXML (ID: 57)


Electronic Data Interchange, the transfer of data between different companies using networks, such as the Internet.

Related terms: EDIFACT

In German: EDI (ID: 54)

EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport), defined and maintained by boards of the United Nations (UN), serves as a standard for the exchange of business documents and messages. Due to the patronage of the UN it is also called UN/EDIFACT. Part of the standard is the detailed syntactical definition of the defined messages.

Related terms: EDI

In German: EDIFACT (ID: 55)

Electronic market place
Electronic markets (or market places) are virtual places that allow an unlimited number of buyers and sellers to trade. Electronic markets can address business-to-business, business-to-consumer, or consumer-to-consumer markets.

Source(s): Fraunhofer (2000): Elektronische Marktplätze

In German: Elektronischer Marktplatz (ID: 31)


Electronic Procurement
Electronic Procurement includes performing procurement and purchasing processes (and transactions) with the help of electronic networks and the Internet in particular.

In German: Elektronische Beschaffung (ID: 3)

Electronic product catalogue
Electronic product catalogues are the digital variant of traditional product catalogues providing information on products and prices. Electronic product catalogues can support additional functionality such as automated search or product configuration. Furthermore, electronic product catalogues might provide interfaces which allow access to product and price information through other business application systems. However, it is crucial to consider exchange standards for automated access to product catalogues.

In German: Elektronischer Produktkatalog (ID: 28)

Electronic tendering
Electronic tendering (E-tendering) describes all those tendering processes that support the electronic specification and opening of tenders and/or electronic submission of tenders. This implies some major advantages: Since tendering processes are standardised, transaction costs can be reduced significantly. For minimal additional costs numerous suppliers can be notified of an open tender and it is much easier to compare and evaluate incoming tenders. High volume projects are typical investments where tendering is used as pricing mechanism; the low investments necessary for standardising the tendering process promise quick returns.

Source(s): Fraunhofer (2002): Trendanalyse elektronischer Marktplätze.

In German: Elektronische Ausschreibung (ID: 32)


ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is a term for the broad set of activities supported by multi-module application software (ERP systems) that help an enterprise manage the important parts of its business, including product planning, parts purchasing, maintaining inventories, interacting with suppliers, providing customer service, and tracking orders among others. ERP systems usually also include application modules for the finance and human resources aspects of a business. As a consequence it is an integrated corporate information system.

In German: ERP (ID: 65)